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As of the second quarter of 2019, YIT Corporation’s five reportable segments are Housing Finland and CEE, Housing Russia, Business premises, Infrastructure and Partnership properties.
The segment’s business comprises development and construction of apartments, entire residential areas and leisure-time residences. The segment’s main focus is on self-developed projects, and YIT mainly sells the constructed apartments to both consumers and investors. Additionally, YIT develops and offers various living services and concepts. The segment’s geographical markets are Finland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
The segment’s business comprises development and construction of apartments and entire residential areas in Russia. YIT has operated in Russia in over 55 years. YIT focuses on self-developed housing construction, while maintenance, property management and additional services have become increasingly important in residential construction projects.
The Business premises segment consists of construction of business premises, project development and real estate management businesses. In this segment YIT pursues both self-developed projects and contracting. The segment’s geographical markets are Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovakia.
The Infrastructure construction segment's operations include construction of roads, bridges, railways, metro stations, ports and parking facilities as well as energy and water supply facilities and industrial plants. YIT also offers wind power plant foundation solutions with related services and maintenance. Additionally, YIT quarries tunnels and mines and reinforces soil using different methods and provides road maintenance services in Finland. The segment operates in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
The Partnership properties segment's income derives from investments, i.e. from rental income and in the future changes in the value of the assets following their completion as well as sales. Additionally, the segment will potentially have revenue from diverse service agreements associated with the possession or acquisition of its partially owned assets. The segment’s revenue is typically low. On the other hand, rental revenue received by joint ventures or associated companies, such as fund structures, or changes in the value of properties owned by them or capital gains from their realisation are reported in the income statement of the segment under revenue in “Share of results in associated companies”. These items account for the majority of the segment’s income. The segment may also receive interest income when funding its associated companies with loan capital.
YIT announced on July 4, 2019 the sale of its Nordic paving and mineral aggregates businesses, and these businesses are reported as "Discontinued operations" in financial reporting. The transaction was completed on April 1, 2020. The segment’s operations include paving and production of mineral aggregates as well as stabilisation, crushing and waterproofing in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Russia.