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Valuation principles


Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of an acquisition over the fair value of the Group’s share of the net identifiable assets of the acquired subsidiary on the date of acquisition. Goodwill on the consolidation of business functions before January 1, 2009 corresponds to the previous IFRS standards applied and before January 1, 2004 to the previously employed accounting standards, which has been used as the deemed cost in the IFRS transition. Goodwill is subjected to an annual impairment test. To this end, goodwill is allocated to cash-generating units. Goodwill is measured at the original acquisition cost less impairment. Impairment is expensed directly in the income statement. Gains and losses on the disposal of an entity include the carrying amount of goodwill relating to the entity sold. 

Other intangible assets acquired in connection with business acquisitions are recognised separately from goodwill if they fulfil the definition of an asset: they can be specified or are based on agreements or legal rights and their fair value can be determined reliably. 


Evaluation of goodwill

Evaluation and impairment of tangible and intangible assets

At each closing date, YIT Group evaluates whether there are indications of impairment in any asset item. If impairment is indicated, the recoverable amount of said asset is estimated. In addition, the recoverable amount is assessed annually for each of the following asset items regardless of whether impairment is indicated: goodwill, intangible assets with an unlimited economic lifetime and incomplete intangible assets. The need for impairment is assessed at the level of cash-generating units.

The recoverable amount is the higher of fair value of the asset item less the selling costs or the value in use. The value in use is determined based on the discounted future net cash flows estimated to be recoverable from the assets in question or cash-generating units. The discount rate used is a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset items. An impairment loss is recognised if the carrying amount of the asset item is higher than its recoverable amount. The impairment loss is entered directly in the income statement and is initially allocated to the goodwill allocated to the cash-generating unit and thereafter equally to other asset items. An impairment loss is reversed when the situation changes and the amount recoverable from the asset item has changed since the date when the impairment loss was recorded. However, impairment losses are not reversed beyond the carrying amount of the asset exclusive of impairment losses. Impairment losses on goodwill are never reversed. The calculation of recoverable amounts requires the use of estimates. 

Estimated impairment of goodwill

Goodwill is tested for any impairment annually. The recoverable amounts of cash-generating units have been determined based on value-in-use calculations. The cash flows in the value-in-use calculations are based on the management’s best estimate of market development for the subsequent years. The interest rate used in discounting includes the additional risk factor by each segment.


Valuation of plot reserves

On each closing date, the Group assesses the valuing of inventory and possible decrease in value based on its best estimate. The estimates are based on systematic and continuous monitoring. Plot reserves are measured at acquisition cost and the value is impaired only when it is estimated that the building being constructed on the plot will be sold at a price lower than the sum of the price of the plot and the construction costs. The valuing of plot reserves has been made by using time period of 3–4 years.
YIT Group has acquired land areas in Finland and abroad for the construction activities. The acquisition of a land area may be done by buying the ownership of property or of shares of a plot-owing company. The goodwill arisen from the acquisitions of plot-owing companies have been included in the total amount of Land areas or Work in progress in inventories.